Welcome to the Prevention Cohort LIVE stream, sponsored by PBJ Learning
Today, we go over the Prevalence of Human Trafficking, from Chapter 2 of Human Trafficking Essentials. We go over the interactive sections and I share some of the “why” the course is written and designed the way it is.
Our second section is a deeper dive into our “What is human trafficking?” blog on Radical Empathy's site. We go through each of the 10 questions and answers in detail for a fuller explanation.
And we close tonight with a special concern. I want to get the game industry to step forward and make a pledge to create a human trafficking prevention course for online moderators. I have my thoughts on how it could happen, but I read through a random article from the Knowledge Vault about online grooming and try to make a point that this is absolutely necessary. I discussed the need to create a standard for online content moderators in the gaming industry, with the goal of training staff to identify vulnerabilities and protect customers. I am willing to spearhead the effort and collaborate with others to develop specific learning objectives for prevention.
Here are a few links from the show:
- Slavery is Slavery video
- Human Trafficking Essentials main course page
- 25 Types of Trafficking; Typology of Modern Slavery
We mention at the beginning of the episode that this show requires you to understand what human trafficking is, so please view the AMP Model Discussion in this previous episode, Prevention Cohort LIVE Ep 6: AMP Model Discussion; Social Media “Human Trafficking Panic” Posts
- “Traffickers move online to search for victims” – The Hindu – the article I read during the online moderator discussion.
We record these meetings so you can watch them as a bit of an extra resource for yourself.
We livestream, record and share our meetings for everyone's benefit. We use a Zoom addon product called Fathom, which screenshares, transcribes, and provides AI summaries of the calls. The transcriptions aren't perfect, but they are way awesome. This summary of the meeting is pulled straight from the automatic notes from Fathom.
- Billy Joe and others discussed the champions who perceive the world differently and challenge the status quo to combat human trafficking. They recognized the brilliance of these exceptional individuals and believed that their audacity as leaders could ultimately bring an end to human trafficking. – PLAY @0:53
- Billy Joe discussed his dedication to ending human trafficking through prevention and proposed the idea of creating an online course for individuals in the gaming industry to recognize grooming, online harassment, and potential trafficking situations. – PLAY @2:15
- Billy Joe discussed accessing human trafficking essentials on the PBJLearning website, where users could name their price for the course and register to receive university credit. He explained the process of adding the course to the cart, checking out, and accessing it through the “My Courses” section. – PLAY @3:38
- HIGHLIGHT – Billy Joe discusses starting a course and suggests reviewing the definition video before proceeding. – WATCH (35 secs)
- Billy Joe and the others discussed the structure of their chapters, which included overviews, real-life stories, and activities. They also mentioned the 25 different forms of human trafficking and the prevalence of trafficking in the United States. – PLAY @6:44
- – PLAY @16:52
- – PLAY @24:00
- Billy Joe discussed various statistics related to human trafficking, including the number of people affected, the amount of money involved, and the locations where trafficking occurs. The conversation emphasized the importance of understanding the scope of the issue and making commitments to combat it. – PLAY @28:54
- Billy Joe discussed his plan to read an article he wrote for Radi-Bunova titled “What is Human Trafficking?” He intended to share his screen to present the article. – PLAY @30:41
- – PLAY @31:11
- Billy Joe discussed the societal vulnerabilities and impact of human trafficking, emphasizing the need for government intervention through creating laws, supporting organizations, and raising awareness. The conversation highlighted the importance of addressing these issues to protect basic rights and foster trust within communities. – PLAY @44:22
- Billy Joe discussed the issue of people being groomed through online chat rooms and expressed concern about the high number of individuals affected. He considered pulling up statistics to further understand the situation but ultimately decided against it. – PLAY @47:16
- Billy Joe discussed the increasing trend of traffickers moving online during the pandemic, targeting vulnerable individuals through automated programs and applications. The conversation emphasized the need for educating people about online safety and the risks associated with interacting with unsaved individuals. – PLAY @48:09
- Billy Joe discussed the need to create a standard for online content moderators in the gaming industry, with the goal of training staff to identify vulnerabilities and protect customers. He expressed willingness to spearhead the effort and collaborate with others to develop specific learning objectives for prevention. – PLAY @51:37
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Full transcript from Fathom
Prevention Cohort LIVE Ep 8: HTE: Chapter 2: Prevalence, “What is Human Trafficking?” blog on Radical Empathy, Discussion about creating an online safety course for the game industry – August 31
VIEW RECORDING – 53 mins (35 secs of highlights)
SCREEN SHARING: Billy started screen sharing – WATCH
@0:53 – Billy Joe Cain @ PBJLearning.com (pbjlearning.com)
The champions again. The human trafficking. The unsung human heroes and the shadows. They are the ones who perceive the world through a different lens.
They the confines of the vital norms and regulations. They challenge the status quo with a waver determination. The voices may be quoted, opinions disputed, and their character both praised and criticized.
But one thing is certain, they cannot be overlooked. They are catalysts for change. They pioneer new solutions. They envision a world free from the clutches of human trafficking.
They mend broken lives. They embark on perilous journeys to rescue the vulnerable. They innovate, they inspire, they propel humanity forward.
Perhaps it takes a touch of meds, how well can one look at a victim and envision the liberation, or listen to the silence of suffering, and compose an anthem of hope, or gaze upon a dark underworld, and see a battleground for justice.
We stand beside these exceptional individuals, while some may deem them as eccentric ones. We recognize their brilliance because those who possess the audacity of a leader, they can end human trafficking.
By the ones who ultimately achieve it. I tell you what, nothing gets me more excited than starting a show with you guys.
I'm talking about ending human trafficking through prevention. I mean, I'm telling you that that is what I have dedicated my life to and honestly, it makes me feel good every day that I get a chance to do it.
Welcome to Prevention Cohort Live! Hi guys, we are going to be doing something a little… little school like today.
We're going to actually go over prevalence. The prevalence of human trafficking, we're going to go over chapter two. And then afterwards, we might go over an article through the Knowledge Vault and just something together that I think might be good.
And then I want to talk to you a little bit about an idea that I have to try to make a difference in the video game.
And I'll We talk a lot about chat being a problem and people being groomed online and I really think that the gaming industry needs to step up and make a difference by creating an online course for all game monitors, all community managers, all social media people so they can at least say that they have been trained to recognize grooming and online harassment and anything that can lead up to even trafficking.
SCREEN SHARING: Billy started screen sharing – WATCH
So without further ado, we are going to go right ahead and jump over into the course. So this is what you have access to right now as human trafficking essentials.
If you go to PBJLearning, if you type it in appropriately, you will go to PBJLearning and what you do is you click at the top that's where you will see where it says human trafficking essentials, this is our…
We're going be talking most our We're be talking country. We're going most country. to be talking most going to most thing our country.
country. most the most country. most country. going most thing our country. the most our country. We're talking the mostTH Masters
If you need that for your job or for some other reason or if you need it, you get university credit all through the forces are the same material, but the result is different.
So, you can click on human trafficking essentials, name your price. Of course, this will take you into the shop.
So once you you'll have to register on the site, so we know who you are, then you basically just type in how much you want to pay for the force and then you click outside the box and then you And then you can click add to cart.
When it gets added to your cart, oh, the second already has something in mind. In the cart. can get rid of that.
So that's gone. Alright, here we go. So, yeah, you just add it to the cart and then you screw C to check out.
Fill in your information. Click I have read and agreed to the website terms and conditions in place order. When you have done that, you'll get an email.
I'm you about it, but you can also always go up to, or it says My Courses, and you can click on the course that you chose.
HIGHLIGHT: Billy Joe discusses starting a course and suggests reviewing the definition video before proceeding. – WATCH
And that's how you begin your course. So what we're going to do today is we're going to jump right into Chapter 2.
We spent a bunch of time the other day going over what is human trafficking, what is not human trafficking, so we went all the way through Chapter 1.
Now would be a good time stop. So now would be a good time And go back and review the definition.
Video if you'd like. So we'll give you just a couple of seconds to go ahead and do that. And if not, we're going to go right ahead and jump into Chapter 2 prevalence.
So each of our chapters starts off with an overview that explains exactly what it is that you're going to be learning.
So we start hearing our content. We're going to talk about the statistics to be trafficking in the United States and around the world.
kind of forms of human trafficking there are? Let's tell some real life stories. And we're going to give a little brief activity to let you practice the things that you've learned.
We kind of call out the learning objective very specifically here and the specific questions that were from the assessment at the beginning of the course when we started.
So these are the questions that you're going to learn the answers to inside this chapter. So we're not giving you the answers here.
We're giving you the questions so that as you move forward you'll actually have to get little bit of We're going to dive right into the perspective of who the traffic is versus the traffic.
Human trafficking is a worldwide problem that affects an estimated 40 million people according to the International Label Organization. These victims generate 150 billion of profits for human traffickers around the world.
While people do not need to be moved or transported to be considered victims, there are many who are transported and some are transported
The United Nations Global Report on Human Trafficking from 2018 identified 124 different nationalities that were forced, frauded, or coerced into Western and Southern Europe for the purpose of trafficking.
Looking at the United States, we find more than 95 different nationalities that are being trafficked into the country. Within the U.S., the Department of Justice secured more than 500 convictions for human trafficking in 2018 alone.
While these convictions are encouraging, estimates suggest that there are at least 50,000 people trafficked into the U.S. every year.
And while 50,000 people being trafficked into the U.S. is incredible, it might surprise you to know that more than 4 out of 5 identified trafficking victims are U.S.
citizens. Importantly, human trafficking victims are considered a hidden population. So these estimates may be less than the real number of victims in the U.S.
Those trafficked into the U.S. and those who are trafficked within the U.S. suffer in a at least 25 different forms of trafficking.
These include individuals being forced, frauded, or coerced into construction work, hospitality, magazine sales, forced begging, erotic dancing, pornography, carnivals, agriculture, servitude, illicit massage parlors, forced prostitution, and more.
It is not as important to remember all of the forms of trafficking that take place in the US as much as it is important to know that there is such a day of The range of ways that people are being trafficked.
The range of ways that someone can be exploited is what makes it possible for human trafficking to exist in so many places.
In the US, human trafficking is taking place in some areas more than others, but a human trafficking exists in some capacity within every state.
Since being created in 2007, the National Human Trafficking Hotline has identified more than 63,000 human trafficking situations across the country.
The states that have the highest rates of identifying… High-humid trafficking cases include California, Texas, and Florida. Even within the states, there are cities that have more human trafficking than others.
Studies from the Urban Justice League and other organizations have shown that the underground sex economy of major cities in the U.S.
ranges from 30 million in Denver up to 810 million in San Diego. These major cities will attract higher rates of sex trafficking as girls and women are forced into prostitution in the underground world of commercial sex.
One thing I noticed in there was that it mentions the 25 different forms of human trafficking, and I have been asked by the students a week ago if I could actually provide them the actual list of those 25-year So I think we're going to do it live.
25-10… The floor is a team and trafficking by Valera. Alright, so you can find it. Here it is. Valeras defines 25 types of monitors in the D-web.
There's a report and this is just a summary of it, but here we go. The typology of modern slavery flares since research came proposed to the classifications system that identified 25 differences from distinct types of human trafficking in the United States, including…
and I am going to read them all. S-Wort services, illicit massage, health, beauty, outdoor solicitation. I guess that's like traveling…
magazine salesmen. work, clubs, and canteenas. Pedography, traveling sales crews, that's definitely the magazine. I wonder if that solicitation like the prostitution or if that's just basically trying to do sales outdoors.
That's why we're looking at this. So let's see, traveling sales crews, restaurants and food service, pedaling and begging, agriculture and animal health, injury, personal sexual servitude, health and And so, going to be able to we're be able to so, so, we're
When I talk to people that are gang investigators, they explain a lot of gang activity is actually labor-trapped. So, they…
people that get… have to be mules or take drugs from one place to the next. Those people aren't necessarily deciding to do that.
are being forced to do that, which is… that is, trafficking is something that's benefiting from their labor. But, this list of activities could be, I imagine, part of that.
Let's see… So, Polaris analyzed more than 32,000 cases of human trafficking to develop this classification system that identifies 25 different types of modern slavery.
The way humans are exploited differ greatly as do ways to combat each problem. that is a really, really good point because there is not a one-size-fits-all solution to this.
Much less thinking that exploitation is the same. This is really good stuff. I wanted to just put this inside of the course, but let me explain to you since we're just having this conversation.
One of the things that's really difficult for, let's just say, a regular person that uses the Internet, and one of that is just a normal human being.
If you put in a link that takes you somewhere else, they can get confused. So we try to make sure that on our course, there's no link to that take you away from the course, the only thing that there is is taking you back into the course.
So it's like the only buttons on this page that really do anything are the menu systems. Basically, if you want to get out, have to click the logo of the core of the company.
So I'm going to have to find a place to put it in here, but I'm going to do that.
I'll probably do that tonight. So here we go. are on the third lesson. Victim Demographics lesson in American I'm going a quick quiz.
Everything you're going to find on here, all of the answers to the questions that are below are on this page.
We're trying to keep you engaged here so you don't have to go look anywhere else. So far you've already heard some pretty long statistics.
We're finding out that over 95 different nationalities are being brought into the United States. But even though that's the case, the majority of people that are being trafficked are identified as trafficked.
Americans are actually American citizens. It is surprising. So we talked a little bit about this 25 different ways. The actual numbers here are not nearly as important.
I mean they are in some of the question. But the actual numbers aren't nearly as important as just thinking about the scope of this crime.
$30 million in one city to almost a billion dollars in another city. And that's just the underground sector. I'm not talking about the labor trafficking economy, which is crazy.
I just spent a bunch of time in Pumboldt County and I got to hear about the labor trafficking happening on the legal farms that are around there.
It's legal farms that are around there. It's really crazy, the amount of indentured servitude that's being brought into some other countries.
are coming in with visas to do the work and they basically just get charged nickel and dime for everything, driving to and from.
Their job, having a place to stay, the food, everything else and they just can't catch up. It's really sad.
There's tons of documents and tons of stories on here. So we'll talk a little bit about American victim demographics.
chart may be little confusing and I apologize. I made the chart so I want it to be good. But basically we have two columns here.
have a sex trafficking type or labor trafficking type and then we want to talk about what's in the majority or the feature about that that's important.
So when it comes to sex trafficking, Please wait, Loading… please wait, loading… please wait, loading… please wait, please please wait, wait, wait, loading…
wait, wait, loading… loading… loading… in the United States for legal citizens, and neither are being forced as the major means of trafficking, so if they're not being forced to do it, how are they being done?
It's done through coercion in trickery. So it's fraud, or by coercion, so they're not being beaten to this, they're being tricked into it, or manipulated into it, so the majority have fraud, when it comes to leastOntario labor trafficking.
The majority have coercion when it comes to sex trafficking. An average age is 17 years old when victimization begins with sex trafficking and when it is labor trafficking it's usually 22 years old.
Now, I want to state clearly that statistics in the human trafficking field are they vary based on who did the study, who paid for the study, whether it was paid for by a government or a private individual or a private company.
So, you can't really necessarily trust anything. And a lot of these studies are underfunded so the data that they get is just not complete.
I don't mean to say, I'm not trying to talk bad about anybody that's in the field that's doing this work because if you are doing this work, you are a hero, but the fact is that we just don't have enough money to fund these studies to get the accurate information.
Plus, it is a crime. So, you still have to estimate everything because you're not arresting all these people. You have to I'm just waiting for you Yes.
So here we go. We're going go through the American Victim Demographics Quiz, we're going to select some of these answers.
women make up a majority… and I want you to know that you do not have to… you don't even have to answer anything.
This is really just you practicing to see if you understand the material. So there's no ongoing score or anything like that.
We're just going to tell you whether you got the answer correctly or So women make up a majority of identified labor traffic.
So I know the answer. No, I know it's men. So let's go ahead and look up there. So if it's women make a majority of identified labor traffic, we got it.
So we're going to kind of scroll up here. It's really women. No, they're not labor traffic. We're sex trafficking.
to say the false. Check that into it. Yes. Again, points don't matter. It's just really trying to show you…
did you get it right or not? A majority of identified victims are legally… in the United States. You said yes, that was true.
The majority are legal in the United States. They are legally here, is that true? The three means of trafficking someone include force fraud and or coercion.
The means used most on victims is force. So, the three means of trafficking someone include force fraud and or coercion.
used most of sports. Let's take a look. The means of getting them to do is of force. The majority have force used as mean trap miller.
majority have fraud or coercion. that answer would be false. Three means. On average, identify… and let me say something about the way that that question is worded and all this stuff.
I promise you that we're not trying to trick you. We're trying to get you to think through this. I want say that we have…
one of our advisors did a huge breakdown on the actual statistics and where all the numbers and studies come from.
I think he makes a compelling case that based on the data that we have, the age of 17 has to be the most correct.
Although it's horrendous that it's happening at all, much less that people think that It's way lower than that. Basically, it's all bad, but the number 17 seems to be what's actually in the data.
The number could be way lower. We really don't know. The studies aren't done. So I apologize for not having it completely in the concrete answer there, but that is the best answer that we have.
Our take is this. These numbers are staggering, even if they are off my YouTube I'm if we just want to do a little thinking on this.
your state or steady fund survivor centered shelters? Are there enough health care services? Are there food stamps, HUD housing?
How are we going to get these people integrated back into the society once we get them help? Think about that.
With… We have covered quite a bit of information, including worldwide and national prevalence estimates, different trafficking types, and some victim demographics.
Now, let's take a look at what this all looks like in the real world. To do this, we're going to look at two real world accounts of human trafficking, and while these real world accounts are not meant to cover every instance or way that somebody can be trafficked, they do help to eliminate the ways in which people are brought into trafficking and how they are continuing to be trafficked without other recognizing their victimization.
The nonprofit Polaris found a majority of labor trafficking victims identified in the US are legally in the country with work visas.
Daniel's journey to becoming a labor trafficking victim started when he applied for and received an H2A visa. This visa allowed him to work as a farm worker in the US.
The fact that he became a labor trafficking victim while legally being in the country as an immigrant is not uncommon.
Daniel was also paid less than he was promised when he acquired the visa. Leaving the situation was difficult because the employer took Daniel's passport and the nearest town was very far away.
Additionally, like so many others, Daniel's visa was tied to his employer, so if he left the farm, his visa would be invalid.
He worried this could impact his ability to legally enter the country in the future. Daniel wrestled with the idea of reporting the views or allowing the invitivization to occur, because he did not know what else he would do for work.
In the end, he and some of the other laborers were able to contact the National Human Trafficking Hotline, who worked with
with federal authorities to free Daniel and the others and ensure they were paid all the back pay that kept from them.
There are somewhere between 2 to 3 million migrant workers and farm workers in the US. These individuals include illegal and legal workers, and while farm worker populations vary regionally across the country, overall 78% of farm workers are Hispanic, with about 95% being of Mexican descent.
Keisha's story is much different from Daniel's, but she too was a victim of human trafficking in the United States.
Her journey to becoming a trafficking victim started when she was placed in the foster care system at 10 years old.
Keisha ran away from her foster home for the first time when she was 14 to avoid the sexual harassment she was experiencing from one of her foster family's relatives.
Out on the streets, Keisha was tricked by a 26 year old man who offered to get her back to her biological family.
To financially support getting her back to her family, the man told Keisha she would I have to engage in commercial sex with several of his friends in exchange for money.
The friends Kisha was expected to have sex with, for money turned into anyone the man chose. Kisha was forced into prostitution and eventually was arrested for solicitation and then returned back to her foster family.
There she suffered more harassment and again ran away and called the only person she could think would help her, the trafficker.
Forced back into prostitution, Kisha was arrested again, but this time, while being held in juvenile detention, she was able to work with an outreach group and share her story of victimization in the foster home at the hands of her trafficker.
She was able to go to a residential program out of the state and able to work towards her GED and the life where she would not be exploited into commercial sex ever again.
Kisha's story is unfortunately a common one, repeated by many girls around the United States. The National Runaway Safe Line reports that between 1.6 million to 2.8 million youth run away each year.
And many sex trafficking victims are runaway girls who are sexually abused as children. One in six of these runaways reported missing were likely sex trafficking victims, and of those 88% were in the care of social services or foster care when they ran.
This problem is so prevalent that the FBI estimates more than 100,000 children are victims of sex trafficking every year in America alone.
And we're back. Okay, so here's one of the things that's really difficult about this. So in both of these true stories, Daniel and Keisha each had something happen them in a positive way at the end of their story.
The truth is that those are really, they are the exceptions. And we need to acknowledge that. That is the reality of the situation.
Many people don't get help. Once somebody gets caught in the situation, things can escalate. I want you to think about how easy could it be that if something like that could happen to you or somebody did you do?
If you know anybody that's ever had their passport or their visa taken away, they went to another country. It would not be that difficult to be in a place where you would be too scared to know what to do.
How does it make you feel when you hear about children being abused within a foster care system that was created to protect them?
Questions we should ask ourselves. Alright, so we're going to do a couple more things and we're going to call it an evening.
So we're going to do a prevalence word drag. The idea here is that we want to get you comfortable with trying to make some decisions about what you've heard.
See if these are things that mean anything to you. So trafficking affects around… I know it's 40 million people.
We're going go ahead and put that in there. Making… well, this is pretty easy. Let's see, there's $1 figure there.
Making $150 billion dollars, Andrew. Most identified US traffic in case we aren't in California. It looks like we're in the state left, a company, Texas, Florida.
illicit underground section comes with major cities. Range from 30 million in… see, I'll pick the smaller city… to 810 in San Diego.
Now, yep, those answers are right. But I wanted to make sure that you know that the reason that we're…
the reason that we're asking these questions isn't because we want you to know these exact numbers. We want you to just understand scope of this.
reason this interactive series that you're actually touching and thinking about and making commitments to these answers. It's really easy to just kind of raise your hand in a room and have the teacher tell you that you're right.
But when you actually have to start making commitments on these things… Please make a difference with me more. Let's go ahead and work on this one.
Let's see, at least 50,000 people are trafficked into America annually. That's people that are being brought into America to traffic them.
Let's see, 80% of identified trafficking victims are, or in America are, and these are U.S. citizens. In America, at least 25 types of human trafficking take place.
The average age someone enters the 6th trade 17. That pretty much closes out our prevalence chapter moving on to risk factors and vulnerabilities, and they'll have to be put up at night.
Alright, so I promise that we would do something else that we would pick out a pick out article from the Knowledge Vault.
Actually, you know what I think I'm going to do. I'm going do something. I'm going to read an article that I just wrote for Radi-Bunova, the site.
SCREEN SHARING: Billy started screen sharing – WATCH
And it is… Simply titled, What is Human Trafficking? Let me share my screen again. Alright, here we go. So you just go to ReefCares.org.
ReefCares.org and when you get there it's going to result down. But at the top it's going to have a single blog up here that says, What is Human Trafficking?
And this blog right here is going to answer 10 questions that are the top requested questions that I have found on the internet.
So we start off with number one. What is human trafficking? So first off, let me go ahead and say that I tried to put this on here at the beginning, like be aware of your limits.
if you're reading this and something, know, affect you in some way, just take a break. So let's see. What is human trafficking?
It's a criminal activity where people are forced to work or do sexual things against their will. I tried to simplify it as possible, but it also is important to note that it has to be someone else's financial benefit.
We're going to talk about that right here. So we cover the AMP model, which you guys will remember. If you've taken human trafficking essentials, we talked about the action-made purpose.
I'm going to head and include a link to the TVPA. So if you want to read more about the actual trafficking victims protection act, you can get the actual text.
I included a video here that goes over what human trafficking is. It's a really fantastic brief article or brief piece.
Over 20.9 million men, women and children are victims of human trafficking. But do you No, what human trafficking actually is.
In a small sleepy town, people are dreaming. But not everyone's dreams will come true. Human traffickers prey on people's dreams and lure them away for their own benefit.
How do they do this? Human trafficking doesn't happen all of a sudden. It's a process. First, traffickers act. This includes recruiting victims, transporting them to the place where they'll be exploited, hiding them from authorities, and receiving victims from other traffickers.
So why don't the victims run away or say no, because traffickers use different means? This includes threatening or forcing victims to do what they want, abducting or deceiving the victims and abandoning Sometimes traffickers promise small things.
This man's neighbor tells him that he has a great job for him on a very safe construction site, and that he'll be paid a lot of money.
With more money, he can make his dreams come true. He agrees to take the job. A few days later, the neighbor's friend picks him up, and they drive to the construction site.
It's a very long way from his home. This man is put to work immediately without any training or protective equipment, without enough to eat or drink, and with very few breaks.
After many months, he's only been paid a fraction of what he was promised. He knows he's been tricked, but he doesn't have enough money to get home.
is a victim of human trafficking. He was recruited by his neighbor and tricked into thinking he was going to work at a safe construction site for Fair Pan.
Instead, he was forced to work long hours in unsafe conditions for almost no money while others benefited from his exploitation.
One day while looking for jobs online, this woman comes across an opportunity to work in a restaurant in a big city.
Her application is successful and her new office The arranges for her travel there. She is met at the airport and driven to a part of the city that looks nothing like she expected.
The car pulls up to a building. The door is shut and locked behind her. She is made to perform sex acts against her will.
She is trapped. This woman is a victim of human trafficking. This 14-year-old boy on school break is approached on the street by a woman who looks trustworthy.
She tells him that she needs workers at her factory and she promises him lots of money. He breaks her to meet his parents.
They are so happy for him. He'll now be able to save money for school. The woman drives him to the next town.
They pull up to an old building. There is someone waiting for him. As he is led inside, the nice lady drives off.
The factory isn't anything. …like she described. There are lots of people working, including many children. He works all day, and after just a few hours of sleep, he starts again.
He is sad. This isn't what he expected. He misses his family. After weeks, he still hasn't received any salary or been allowed to contact them.
He is trapped. This boy is the victim of human trafficking. He was tricked by the woman who recruited him on the street.
He was then received by He a trafficker when he arrived at the factory and exploited by being forced to sow clothing.
For anyone under the age of 18, only the act and purpose matter, for it to legally be a case of human trafficking.
Understanding that human trafficking doesn't happen all at once, but instead is the process of act, means and purpose, helps us better identify victims and trafficking trends.
Gaming… and looking for opportunities to make those dreams come true. Human trafficking is happening all around us. Will you recognize it when you see it?
To learn more, visit iomx.org. Alright, there is a very eye-opening short video that covers it. So how prevalent is human trafficking?
Earlier this evening we went through the prevalence section, chapter 2 of human trafficking essential. And to be very honest, it is very hard to figure out exactly how much human trafficking there is.
Well, but according to all the estimates that are out there, it is numbers in the tens of millions. So this particular estimate comes with a lesson in some modern-sledgery course labor and source marriage reports.
They can claim that around 40.3 million people all over the world are having this happening to them, and 25 million are in labor trafficking, and they believe that there are 15.4 million people in marriage as they can choose.
So it's like really crazy thinking about how, even that, the forced marriage is actually a thing. Come on guys, what are we doing to each other?
All right, so we talk a little bit about what are the main forms of human trafficking. we talked a little bit earlier about the typology of modern slavery and how Polaris says there are 25 types of trafficking.
But in here, we're only talking about the two main types, which is sex trafficking and labor trafficking. Of course, we have more articles on the knowledge of all these.
Who are the victims of trafficking? They can be factory workers, farm workers. They can be somebody in your family or your friends.
They really can be anywhere. What are the common signs of trafficking? So one of the things that that video showed a little bit ago was that people are dreaming and they want things.
So one of the things that you need to think about is that there are things that people can exploit about you that could be considered vulnerabilities or weaknesses.
And so if you have things that are happening in your life that make you like difficult and you are looking for ways to escape that, those vulnerabilities can be used against you to exploit you.
If, for example, these are some things to think about that somebody might end up. I'd indicate that somebody's being controlled by somebody else, so if you don't have control over your own documentation, passport, or ID card, somebody else is in charge of that, you might be in trouble or somebody else might be in trouble.
If you have marks or bruises on your body, stars, you could be being physically hurt. If you're having financial problems, that makes you a little more vulnerable to somebody offering you money in ways that may not You may have unreasonable work hours, may be working really long hours without breaks or days off.
I'm telling you this, I was being labor traffic when I worked in the video game industry for a number of different companies.
I didn't even realize this was going on with me. I was working incredibly long hours. It was crazy, and was being compensated for all the extra hours, among other things.
So I was just being cut off. I I on cut How is human trafficking prosecuted? Well, there are laws against human trafficking on an international level.
There are laws at national levels that make human trafficking illegal, but it could be a little bit different in every jurisdiction.
So this sort of explains that it's treated as a crime in different ways depending on where it happens. So, for instance, United States, in United States who are in in in
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question. sure if you have a question. these. thrab area. , field in. No, how many people are not getting the help that they need so that they can get out and stay out?
When I find that people go back to their tractors, it absolutely breaks my heart and sometimes just literally because they can't afford food.
don't have job training. They can't afford… they can't afford bread or food. Addressing vulnerabilities. This is something that's really difficult because we need to work on our societal vulnerabilities.
Like, remember, homeless that we have in the country right now, people with drug health care, poverty, etc. These are huge problems and we owe it to our citizens to do something about it.
And again, not just education, raising awareness about human trafficking as an actual societal issue through public campaigns, news, etc.
So, two more questions. What is the impact on society? Basically, the problem that I see… It really breaks communities, and it breaks support systems, and it causes us to not be able to trust each other.
I think that it's really difficult to try to put a price on that, but it's a massive thing. We've got to try to work on it.
This is a thing that's really difficult. It breaks our basic rights. Our right to be free is the most important thing that we have.
And when somebody is being trafficked, they are not free. It's just not right. What is the role of government in addressing human trafficking?
Well, government can actually could do some amazing things. We can create laws and protections, support organizations that are making a difference in doing the right things, get in the hands of global cooperation, and share research and data, and we can continue to do
I'm to raise awareness. So these are our basics. This was a one, I guess I wanted to just go through a…
go through an article with you guys just so you had something. And then I did want to talk just for a second about…
about what's going on with video gaming and chat rooms and things like that. The… I don't know, should I pull up a bunch of statistics or anything like that?
put a lot of time on this. See if I can pull up a spat or something that makes me sense.
what's going on is that people are being groomed constantly. There are… there's an astronomical number of people that are being groomed through online chat rooms and things like this.
SCREEN SHARING: Billy started screen sharing – WATCH
Let's see. When it's gone, it's gone to the flip. So this is an article that's up on the Knowledge Vault.
Trafficker's Move Online Search for Victims. It's been around for a little while, this is not anything new. We started to see people during the pandemic all move into online.
We talked a lot about what happened with COVID. These people were using an internet only after they outbreak COVID.
People also have been looking for cheaper devices like smartphones to get to it. Let's see. The study, this particular study conducted by these people, further goes on to show them, only those who have felt uncomfortable during an online interaction.
53% responded by simply blocking the center. That's great. Great place to go. 1% told the sender they were uncomfortable.
25% ignored and 20% deleted the post and almost 16% deleted their entire social media accounts. An 8% relented to the sender's request after repeatedly saying no to the post.
Wow. Experts feel that it is those 8% who are at serious risk. I would agree if you are interacting with an unsaved person that made you feel uncomfortable during an online interaction period.
8% is a pretty high ratio. So grooming or child grooming, and we haven't talked about this tonight, but basically it kind of starts off with somebody earning a kid's trust and then tricking them to eventually the point where they can get a pick-taking manager.
So this really gets broken down here pretty good details. Basically what's happening is you've got these traffickers that are using new technology to reach people at scale.
They're not doing it one person to one person anymore. Now they have written programs and they've built applications. So those applications are going to be working 24 hours a day to try to groom people automatically, to try to trick them, to try to find the people that are more vulnerable.
So example here, it's like once you've been downloaded instant loan app, they ask your permission to access your information like the photo gallery and messages.
Then the blackmail starts. It's like what is going on with that? Well what's happening is people are vulnerable so they need money so they download this app which gives them the ability to get into the photo gallery and then this cheap instant loan app is doing this work of learning how to groom these people and how to trick them.
So if you had a picture picture on your phone… If you gave this app the ability to look at the app inside and upload it and somebody on the other side said, oh that's a naughty picture that you shouldn't have, we're going to use that.
Well, all of that can be automated now. This is not even the mention of the deep things that can be happening.
mean this step is really scary. So my point is that we have a lot of work to do to teach people about online safety.
I'm not security, etc. And somebody in my opinion in the game industry needs to be thinking about this. We need to get in front of it.
And by in front of it, I mean we need to go out and need to say look here at things that we need to make sure all of our online content moderators understand here the things they're looking for.
We need to create like a standard and it needs to be done by the gaming industry itself. We want to put this forward.
I'm happy to be the spearhead for this. I will work with anyone to create a list of learning objectives so we can actually move forward.
Personally, I think our online course right now as it stands even traffic and essentials is the first aid kit that everyone needs.
But I am more than happy to build something specific for the game industry so we can put an answer to this through prevention.
We need to do a better job of training our staff to look for vulnerabilities and to be able to protect our customers.
Ultimately, long term, that's what we trying to do, people and customers that we want to take care of. Okay, that's about enough for me for tonight.
really appreciate you spending time with me. And if there's any questions or if you need anything, just give me at pbjlearning.com slash contact or text me at 512-521-8874-Billy-PbJLearning.com For PBJLearning and the Prevention Cohort Live Show.
We appreciate your time and we'll talk to you soon. Alright?